Spice 101

Conversions & Substitutions

Dried vs. Fresh Conversion Table

Ingredient Fresh Dried
Basil 1 tbsp 1 tsp
Cilantro 1 tbsp 1 tsp
Garlic 1 tbsp ¾ tsp
Garlic Clove 1 tbsp ¼ tsp
Onion 1/3 cup 2 tsp
Parsley 1 tbsp 1 tsp

Volume vs. Weight Conversion Table

The Volume To Weight Conversion Table shows how many teaspoons of a dried herb or spice make up an ounce. This allows you to easily convert from volume to weight. When accurate measurements are required, it is almost always better to measure by weight rat

Ingredient tsp. per oz.
Allspice, Ground 14.9
Anise Seed 13.5
Basil, Ground 20.2
Bay Leaf, Crumbled 47.2
Caraway Seed 13.5
Cardamom, Ground 14.2

Miscellaneous Spice Substitions & Conversions


1 star anise = ½ teaspoon anise or fennel seed

Apple Pie Spice

To make apple pie spice, combine: 2 teaspoons ground cinnamon, ¾ teaspoon ground nutmeg and ¼ teaspoon ground cloves. Use 1 teaspoon apple pie spice per 9″ pie

Bacon Bits

1 tablespoon bacon bits = 1 slice bacon, crumbled

Bay Leaf

⅛ to ¼ tsp. ground bay leaf = 1 whole bay leaf


⅛ to ¼ tsp. ground cloves = 1 clove

Dill Seed

½ tablespoon dried dill seed = 1 head fresh dill

Pumpkin Pie Spice

Use 1 tablespoon pumpkin pie spice per 2 cups pumpkin pie filling (enough for a 9-inch pie). Use 6 tablespoons per #10 can pumpkin.


In most recipes, curry powder can be used as an emergency substitution.


1 teaspoon extract = 1 inch of vanilla bean